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Biology Abbreviations - Class 12

Updated: Aug 6, 2023


Biology is not only a subject, It's our lifestyle - biopassionate

PMC - Pollen Mother Cell

MMC - Megaspore Mother Cell

PEC - Primary Endosperm Cell

PEN - Primary Endosperm Nucleus

GnRH - Gonadotropin-releasing Hormone

LH - Luteinising Hormone

FSH - Follicle-stimulating Hormone

HCG - Human Chorionic Gonadotropin

HPL - Human Placental Lactogen


RCH - Reproductive and Child Health Care

CDRI - Central Drug Research Institute

MMR - Maternal Mortality Rate

IMR - Infant mortality rate

ART - Assisted Reproductive Technologies

MTP - Medical Termination of Pregnancy

IVF - In-vitro Fertilization

ZIFT - Zygote Intra-fallopian Transfer

IUT - Intra-uterine Transfer

GIFT - Gamete Intra-fallopian Transfer

ICSI - Intra-cytoplasmic Sperm Injection


AI - Artificial Insemination

IUI - Intra-uterine Insemination

Glu - Glutamic acid

DNA - Deoxyribonucleic acid

RNA - Ribonucleic acid

NHC - Non-histone Chromosomal Proteins

UTR - Untranslated Regions

HGP - Human Genome Project

EST - Expressed Sequence Tags

BAC - Bacterial Artificial Chromosome

YAC - Yeast Artificial Chromosome

SNPs - Single Nucleotide Polymorphism

VNTR - Variable Number of Tandem Repeats

PMNL - Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes

CMI - Cell-mediated immunity

MALT - Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue

AIDS - Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

HIV - Human Immunodeficiency Virus

ELISA - Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay

NACO - National AIDS Control Organisation

NGO - Non-governmental Organisation

CT - Computed Tomography

MRI - Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MOET - Multiple Ovulation Embryo Transfer Technology

SCP - Single-cell Protein

LAB - Lactic acid bacteria

TMV - Tobacco Mosaic Virus

STP - Sewage Treatment Plant

BOD - Biochemical Oxygen Demand

IARI - Indian Agricultural Research Institute

KVIC - Khadi and Village Industries Commission

EFB - European Federation of biotechnology

PCR - Polymerase Chain Reaction

GMO - Genetically Modified Organisms

ADA - Adenosine deaminase

GEAC - Genetic Engineering Approval Committee

GPP - Gross Primary Productivity

NPP - Net Primary Productivity

PAR - Photosynthetically Active Radiation

GFC - Grazing Food Chain

DFC - Detritus Food Chain

CPCB - Central Pollution Control Board

CNG - Compressed Natural Gas

PIL - Public Interest Litigation


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