Question 1. What do you think is the significance of reproductive health in a society?
Ans: The total well-being in all aspects of reproduction, i.e., physical, emotional, behavioural, and social.
Sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS, gonorrhoea, syphilis etc. are transferred from one individual to another through sexual contact. It can also lead to unwanted pregnancies. Hence, it is necessary to create awareness among people, especially the youth, regarding various reproduction related aspects as the young individuals are the future of the country and they are most susceptible of acquiring sexually transmitted diseases.
Question 2. Suggest the aspects of reproductive health which need to be given special attention in the present scenario.
i. Introduction of sex education in schools that helps in eradicating myths and misconceptions regarding sex-related aspects.
ii. Proper information about reproductive organs, safe and hygienic sexual practices and STDs.
iii. Awareness of problems due to uncontrolled population growth, social evils like sex-abuse sex-related crimes, etc.,
iv. Strong infra-structural facilities, professional expertise and material support to provide medical assistance and care to people in reproduction-related problems.
Question 3. Is sex education necessary in schools? Why?
Ans: Yes, Sex education in schools is necessary.
i. It will provide proper information about reproductive organs, adolescence, safe and hygienic practices and sexually transmitted diseases.
ii. It will provide right information to avoid myths and misconceptions about sex-related queries.
Question 4. Do you think that reproductive health in our country has improved in the past 50 years? If yes, mention some such areas of improvement.
Ans: Yes, the reproductive health has tremendously improved in India in the last 50 years. The areas of improvement are as follows.
i. Massive child immunization programme, which has lead to a decrease in the infant mortality rate
ii. Maternal and infant mortality rate, which has been decreased drastically due to better post natal care
iii. Family planning, which has motivated people to have smaller families